Copyright Law and Society | laws and issues

With this message I have created a copyright. Should this post become as popular as say a Beatle’s song I could sue for royalties from everyone who forwards it. The copyright on the post lasts 75 years and if I register the copyright it will last as long as 100 years. Even what is in the copyright and what is not is questionable as I can later derive work from this post and extend the copyright.While Congress is spending millions studying the Drug War, Health Care, the Deficit and a myriad of other issues, the impact of an obsolete copyright law is far greater on society. On the corporate level there is a push to extend copyright, neglecting that most of what we see today on TV or the movies is derived work from historical authors like Shakespeare who then derived much of his work from Greek plays. On the left there are people like Thom Hartman who want to see copyright laws repealed guaranteeing Disney and other movie produces will never make another movie.Currently, Google is under a legal injunction preventing them from just scanning books that may still be in copyright. There is a better way to sort the current mess. Public domain works have become like the Guttenberg Project and with open source software a valuable resource. With the internet available to the world public domain works spread communication and education. There are many ideas and valuable history wrapped up in out of print works. The Internet exploits these works adding value to societyHow much other obscure information becomes valuable when exposed on-line? Like Google the Guttenberg Project cannot put on line thousands of obscure and out of print books because of out of touch copyright laws. In the past a publisher – say of Schumpeter’s Business Cycles — had a motivation not to reprint an out of print book. They had to cover the cost of a minimum printing and this meant warehousing, distribution and promotion costs. Thus many, many books lie fallow, keeping library shelves full and supporting out of print book dealers.With every change in technology there are winners and losers. Economics generally sorts things out, however government and laws play an important part in making economic value. Without copyright laws the publishing industry would come to a screeching halt. Already the music industry is caught in a bind over internet distribution. Yet there are some simple solutions to this problem.1. Lower the length of copyright on non-registered works to three to five years. A short time frame would further expand the value of the Internet as a resource.
2. Make registered works re-register every five to seven years.
3. Raise the registration fee to a level that would support an enforcement fund.
4. Define clear penalties for infringement that are high enough to be enforceable but not draconian.
5. Automatically flow the funds from enforced royalties to the registered copyright holder.
6. Allow re-registration of copyrights to enter open bidding with the funds from a high bidder going to the previous copyright holder.
7. Failure to re-register a copyright pushes the work into the public domain.In effect the holders of registered copyrights would be paying a tax for enforcement just as banks pay FDIC insurance on deposits. As with domain names, all registered copyrights can now be on line. A cottage industry would spring up around bidding for expiring copyrights giving the owner extra bidding power. Fees collected as well as fines support rational enforcement. Fines could be split between copyright holder and the enforcement agency. In bidding for expired copyrights the enforcement agency would get a portion of the bid allowing for legitimate bidding and higher fees on properties with greater potential enforcement costs.The same could be done with software where in-registration a copy of the code is archived with the licensing agency. On expiration the code would be released on-line allowing users access for bug fixes and modifications again making possible derived works and increasing the economy. When a product is no longer available for sale or supported and has embedded software that software becomes publicly available.On both sides the consumer and creator are protected. Unregistered works become publicly available much sooner and valuable works of creation take on greater and greater value as they become part of the culture. As things expire each has a chance at increased exposure. Out of print works become easily and readily available adding to the wealth and knowledge of society.

Continual Demand For Graphic Designers | graphic multimedia

Utilizing a wide range of graphics and layout computer programs, designers and artists create, plan and figure out visual ways to convey information among a group of people. They make use of several different tools like photographs, illustrations, colors, animation, fonts, and numerous layouts to get information across to the desired audience in the easiest and quickest way available. designers produce the overall production and layout designs of newspapers, journals, magazines, company reports, and various additional publications.Additionally, they make promotional displays, marketing and packaging pamphlets for service and goods, design unique logos for businesses and goods, make signs and systems of signs and create websites, interactive media and multimedia endeavors. designers produce layouts or preliminary sketches to demonstrate the design idea. Designers pick out typography, animation, photography, artwork, sound, color and other visual aspects for their art.The arrangement and size of the design elements as they appear on the screen or page are another of the decisions the designer makes. Their work also includes consulting with copywriters about text that will be included in the design, as well as creating any graphs or charts that are going to be required. A graphic designer can add style and polish to a project that can inspire the people involved to create a successful outcome.If you want to prepare in the best way possible for such a position, on the job knowledge gained on graphic design is great, but you might also consider a design degree from a school program which focuses on design, itself. The majority of both entry level and higher graphic design positions require a bachelor’s degree, but there are various technical entry level positions that merely need an associate’s degree. Many colleges and universities offer programs for graphic design or fine arts as well as schools that specialize in art instruction.Such curricula will be composed of principles of design, computer assisted design, commercial graphics production, printing technique and the like, together with liberal arts classes in composition, marketing and business, all of which assist designers in dealing more effectively with content. Two and three year technical as well as professional schools also offer associate certificates and degrees in graphic design. Such programs concentrate on the technical facets of graphic design and typically will not offer liberal arts classes.An impressive portfolio with examples of the best work the designer has done is also what determines whether or not they’ll get hired. Graphic artists must be able to meet deadlines, effectively interpret the wishes of the clients, be able to work independently and under pressure and be able to solve problems. Many positions also require a good working knowledge of computer graphics and design software programs.There is expected to be average growth for the employment of graphic designers through 2014 since the demands for designers is also growing from computer design firms, publishing companies and advertisers. However, competition for available jobs will be intense as many talented people are drawn to careers in graphic design. The best opportunities will go to those students who obtain a bachelor’s degree and are well versed in computer aided design software, website design and animation. Graphic designer are expected to be in high demand since there is a growing market for online information and the growth of the video entertainment market, which involves online communication, video, movies and television.

How to Choose Your Favorite Video Games Systems? | Video Games

As far as video games systems is concerned, everybody knows that Nintendo, Xbox and PlayStation rule the world. Their systems are awesome. Their upgrades never cease to amaze. Their armies of loyal fans continue to grow. But which one of these great video games systems should you choose?Because Nintendo Wii is set up as a family games console, its focus is placed firmly upon the active family fun marketplace. As such, it operates in a different medium from Xbox and PlayStation. So for that reason, although Nintendo serves its purpose excellently, we are going to pass on the Nintendo Wii in this discussion and focus on the two heavy hitters, the PlayStation 3 and the Xbox 360.Both of these video games systems have been acclaimed as the ultimate in video gaming. Taking almost all factors into account, you will find that they are both about as good as each other. If it was up to me to choose one, I’d definitely need to find out what benefits I was seeking from every one of the video games systems.The first thing to point out is that IBM, Sony and Toshiba are all behind the development of the processor within the PlayStation 3. This has given the PlayStation 3 a massive edge on its competition from the outset.No wonder the PlayStation is the favorite for so many. With high definition movie quality viewing and easy net surfing through its console, the PlayStation is off to a flying start when in comparison. Add to that the robust NVIDIA graphics card and its slick Blu-ray player and you are beginning to see that this is far more than one of those average video games systems. It’s even got a vast storage capacity of 54 GB.Because of the NVIDIA graphics card, the PlayStation 3 gamer enjoys scenes that seem as near to real as you could possibly imagine. The sheer quality of the awesome effects, the impeccable visual and oral quality too. It’s no surprise to hear many saying they have improved to the point where the video games systems genuinely can be compared with the very best of Hollywood’s movies.Add to that the fact that PlayStation 3 offers the unique benefit of being able to give old-school gaming enthusiasts that ability to play well known games from now expired editions of PlayStation. What this means is that PlayStation 3 gamers enjoy a lot more choice in terms of games.Now to the Xbox 360 console. As you can see, it is up against some hefty competition in the form of the PlayStation 3, but you can know that there are many good reasons why the Xbox is undoubtedly the PlayStation’s biggest rival for the title of best of the video games systems.The Xbox has a 512MB IBM RAM processor and a 3.2 GHz chip. Non-techie folk need only know that what this means is that the Xbox has enormous processing capacity. The NVIDIA card that powers the graphics on the PlayStation 3 are so impressive they literally rock. Everyone who checks out the rendering of the graphics and the speed of representation are almost always totally blown away. The ATI graphics in the Xbox 360 offers a massive 500MHz of speed making rendering beyond impressive and causing many to say that this has to be the daddy of all games consoles!The Xbox 360 has a DVD-ROM which admittedly cannot compete with the PlayStation’s impressive Blu-ray player. But Xbox also supports both CD and DVD formats so you can make your video games systems transform into radical home theater systems.So, let there be no doubt that both of these worthy consoles provide great graphics and present unique and thoroughly exciting games impeccably.Weighing up the features of one from another is extremely difficult. Hardly anything sets them apart. Throw the issue of price into the ring and generally it has to be said the Xbox is generally less expensive than the PlayStation in most stores. So, you could say that the Xbox 360 is more economical than the PlayStation 3.Because of the great quality of these two video games systems, any alternative games consoles will find it extremely difficult to overturn these two market leaders. They are all set to sustain their market share and no doubt have a number of ideas up their sleeves to even further improve upon the many great features that they have to offer their fanatical user base.Which is best? I’ll leave it to you to make up your mind!